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北大-哈佛生態城市聯合實驗室

   生態城市聯合實驗室是哈佛大學設計研究生院和北京大學建筑與景觀設計學院的合作項目。長期以來,兩所大學師生之間保持著良好的交流合作關系,在此基礎上,兩校于2014年9月成立了該跨學科合作項目。

      目前,全球面臨多種生態挑戰,如資源短缺、環境污染、氣候變化。中國城市面臨嚴峻挑戰的同時,也面臨難得的機遇。未來發展應減少環境破壞,減少視覺及其他形式的污染,尊重海洋生物、自然資源、地貌、植被, 采用持續發展技術,并使之與景觀、當地生活方式及工業相結合。

      生態城市聯合實驗室將考察中國具有不同地理、氣候、文化與經濟特征的城市,并建立城市一覽表。最終目標是通過對比不同城市,更好地了解另類發展模式,為中國城市提供更具彈性的未來發展規劃,解決廢棄物、能源、空氣污染、建筑設計等問題。另類未來發展規劃將在研究成果中出版。該合作項目包含科研和教育兩部分。

科研

      科研項目將研究中國城市化過程中特有的環境、社會、法律和經濟問題。研究員將以探索未來發展規劃為導向,研究中國城鎮景觀建筑,城市生活,城市基礎設施,綠色建筑及其可持續性。
      科研將廣泛咨詢業界及公眾意見,討論以下與健康息息相關的話題:

      1. 各級城市改造
      2. 未來新城鎮
      3. 污染及城市健康,包括人口老齡化和城市化
      4. 城市基礎設施,公共空間
      5. 生態設計,為綠色城市和景觀收集并測試數據

      科研包括三個,各階段可同時開展:田野調查,方案設計,方案實施。

      田野調查:
      從2016年夏季開始,在兩校教員帶領下,核心研究團隊將在中國進行廣泛田野調查。繪制解析圖和地圖,以研究城市化進程中的環境、經濟、地理及社會生態。

      方案設計:
      以本科研項目成果為依據,制定規劃原則,完善設計方案。

      方案實施:
      規劃原則和未來發展方案將成為未來項目藍圖。

      教育

      生態城市聯合實驗室是一個廣闊的平臺,促進城市化監督管理技能的發展,并使教職員工和學生得以在中國進行研究。教學部分包括多種形式,如專題研討會,講習班,科研獎學金,學生實習,系列講座,研討班,方案設計實踐課等。除此之外,中國城市將兩所大學教學和學術出版提供個案參考。

Outline

      The Ecological Urbanism Collaboration EUC is a collaboration between the Harvard University Graduate School of Design and the Peking University College of Architecture and Landscape. The two universities, which have a history of cooperation and interaction among their faculty and students, established the trans-disciplinary collaborative program in September 2014.

      The world is currently facing many ecological challenges relating to questions of scarcity of resources, pollution, climate change, and risk. Chinese cities face a particular set of challenges, but also distinct opportunities. Future development should minimize disruption to the environment, reduce visual and other forms of pollution, respect marine life, natural resources, topography, and vegetation, and incorporate sustainable technologies that are integrated with the landscape and with local lifestyles and industries.

      The EUC is looking at cities throughout China located in different geographic, climatic, cultural, and economic regions in order to build up a catalogue of cities. Through a method of city comparison, the ultimate goal of the collaborative project is to achieve a better understanding of alternative modes of developing and planning a more resilient future for Chinese cities, including questions of waste, energy, air pollution, and building design. These alternative futures will be outlined in publications arising from the multi-year study. The collaborative project has two main components: Research and Education.

Research

      The first component is a research program that studies the unique environmental, social, legal, and economic challenges of Chinese urbanization. Researchers investigate cities and towns, including landscape architecture and urbanism, urban infrastructures, and green buildings and sustainability, with a view toward producing scenarios that guide the future. Specific recommendations will consider the distinct ecologies (environmental, social and aesthetic) of specific cities.
      The research, which will include extensive consultations with institutional partners and the public in Chinese cities, will address the following topics, with issues relating to health central to each of them:

      1. Regeneration, focusing on cities at multiple scales
      2. Future of new towns
      3. Pollution and healthy cities, including research on aging and urbanization
      4. Urban infrastructure and the future of public space
      5. Designed ecologies, testing and gathering data for the designed green city and landscapes
      The research has three main phases which may operate simultaneously: Fieldwork; Designing Scenarios; and Implementation.

      Fieldwork:
      Beginning in summer 2016, a core team of researchers led by faculty members from both universities will conduct extensive fieldwork in China. Analytic drawings and maps will be created to investigate the numerous environmental, economic, geographic and social ecologies of urbanization.

      Designing Scenarios:
      The design and development of scenarios, including design and planning principles will be based on the research undertaken.

      Implementation:
      The design and planning principles and future scenarios will be translated into prospective projects.

      Education

      The second component of the project concerns education. The EUC provides a forum to develop skill sets to oversee the stewardship of urbanization in the future. The EUC facilitates a platform for faculty, fellows, and students to teach or conduct research in a Chinese context. The pedagogical elements may include symposiums, workshops, research scholarships, student internships, lecture series, seminar courses, and design studios. In addition, Chinese cities will form the basis of case studies to be referenced in the teaching and publications of both universities.


研究人員
 
介紹    
哈佛大學設計研究生院院長,設計專業講座教授
俞孔堅    
北京大學建筑與景觀設計學院院長,長江學者特聘教授
哈佛大學設計研究生院景觀設計副教授,高級研究員
研究助理,領隊
許立言    
項目副總監,外事
Hayden White    
研究助理
劉鈿    
生態城市聯合實驗室辦公室主任
哈佛大學設計研究生院計算機資源系副主任
Pat Roberts    
哈佛大學設計研究生院執行院長
哈佛大學設計研究生院風景園林系資深教授



聯系方式
      生態城市聯合實驗室
      中國北京市海淀區頤和園路5號,紅四樓
      北京大學建筑與景觀學院
      電話: +86 139-1145-6012

Contact
      Ecological Urbanism Collaboration
      5 Summer Palace Road
      Peking University, College of Architecture and Landscape
      Red Building No. 4
      Haidian District, Beijing, China
      Tel. +86 139-1145-6012





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