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院長寄語

   

北京大學設計學科的發展經歷了一個漫長的過程。早在1902年國立京師大學堂初創之際(1898年),建筑學科既已被列為《欽定學堂章程》的重要內容。1928年,北平大學既已在工學院中設立建筑系,1947年,建筑學科隨北平工學院并入北京大學,此可最為北大建筑學科之肇始。在1952年的全國院系調整中,北京大學的建筑學科被并入清華大學。

二十世紀末,史無前例的城市大發展,空前緊張的人地關系,亟待相關學科的創新與發展,為此,北京大學于1997年創辦景觀設計學中心及繼后的景觀設計學研究院(2003年),開啟景觀設計學科的教育和研究。

又十三個年頭過去了,建筑學和景觀設計學在北大都有了長足的發展,為順應時代要求,遵循學科發展之客觀規律,北京大學于2010年5月決定將建筑學與景觀設計學進行機構和學科的整合,成立建筑與景觀設計學院,使學科發展有一個更為健全的平臺。

新學院以設計學的兩個核心學科——建筑學和景觀設計學并行作為學院名稱,體現了學院的教學與科研所關注的對象是跨尺度的、作為人居環境的物質空間的綜合和全部:從茫茫江河大地,到具體的區域、城市、街區、地段,再到單體的建筑物及其內外環境;研究的核心內容是分析和認識在不同尺度上的自然過程、生物過程和人文過程與物質的場所與空間的相互關系,以及如何通過規劃設計,科學而藝術地協調這些過程與物質空間的關系。

人地關系的日趨緊張,生存資源的相對匱乏,能源危機陰影籠罩,城鄉生態環境惡化,交通和居住環境的困境,乃至全球化的氣候變化帶來的挑戰,都要求我們對以往指導我們建筑、景觀與城鄉規劃設計教育和實踐的價值觀和方法論進行重新的審視。十多年來,北大的建筑與景觀設計學科,因應人居環境的憂患而開啟,因應史無前例的城市化對人才和學科發展的需求而推動,并繼承了“常為新”的北大傳統,在整理國故的基礎上、在深入的理論研究與大量的實踐基礎上,探索城市與景觀規劃設計和建筑設計的新思想和新方法,并付諸實踐,并在此過程中培養了一大批具有獨立思考能力、具有創新精神的新青年。

這里的新,就新在我們所倡導的關于建筑、景觀和城市的新的價值觀和新美學——一種基于環境和土地倫理的、低碳的價值觀,和尋常的、白話的、野草和大腳的美;這里的新還在于我們所探索的關于建筑、景觀和城市規劃設計的新方法——一套基于生態學的科學方法和基于人文關懷的藝術追求的規劃設計方法論;這里的新,還在與我們所探索的教育與社會實踐相結合的模式,和利用有限資源,開展國際化學生培養的途徑。
 

院長寄語
2010年10月1日

 

 

Dean’s message

Peking University’s design discipline has gone through a long process of development. In the early years of the establishment of the national Imperial University of Peking (1898), Architecture as an important discipline had been listed in the Authorized Regulations of schools in 1902. Peiping University established department of architecture in 1928. Since then, the discipline of architecture in Peking University shared the same vicissitudes with the nation.

At the end of twentieth century, urbanization was at an unprecedented rate, the tension between human and land was at incredible level. Thus, Peking University founded landscape design center in 1997, and its subsequent school of landscape architecture in 2003, which initiated the education and research of landscape design. Architecture study center was established straight after that in 2000, the research and education of architecture revived.

Another 13 years has passed, great strides have been made in architecture and landscape architecture. In order to answer the call of time, Peking University followed the regularity of subject’s development, thus decided to integrate institutions and disciplines of architecture and landscape architecture. The college of architecture and landscape architecture was established, providing a robust platform for the development of discipline.

The new collage was named by two core disciplines, architecture and landscape architecture, reflecting that its teaching and research focuses on cross-scaled subjects, as well as the synthesis and whole of the physical space of living environment, including river and plain, and from specific region, urban area, block, site, to an individual building with its internal and external environment. The spirit of research lies in the analysis and understanding of how natural process, bio-process and humane process interacting with physical site and space on different scales, and how to coordinate these processes and physical space scientifically and artistically through planning and design.

The increasing tension between human and land, the relative scarcity of subsistent resources, the energy crisis, the deterioration of ecological environment in both urban and rural area, the dilemma of transportation and living environment and even the challenges brought by global climate change require us to take a new look at the values and methodologies we once adopted in education and practice of architecture, landscape architecture and urban and rural planning. Over the last decade, the discipline of architecture and landscape architecture in Peking University was set up to improve the living environment, drove by the requirements of talents and development of discipline in the unprecedented urbanization process. This discipline also inherits Peking University’s tradition of “always innovate”, to explore new concepts and methods in urban and landscape planning and design on the base of sorting out the traditional civilization and in-depths theoretical research and abundant experience, and furthermore put into practice. In this process, we cultivated a group of talents with independent thinking ability and spirit of innovation.

The innovation lies in the new value and aesthetics about architecture, landscape architecture and urban that we preach, an aesthetics based on environment and land ethnic, low carbon value, and common, simple beauty of weeds and big-foot. The innovation also lies in the new methodology about architecture, landscape architecture and urban that we explore, a set of scientific approaches based on ecological concern, and planning and design methodology based on artistic pursuit with humanistic concern. The innovation still lies in the mode we explore that education and social practice are combined and finite resources are utilized, which  enables the students to meet the international setting.

 

College of architecture and landscape architecture, Peking University

2010.Oct.1st

 



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